Splenda Found in low-carb products, diet soft drinks, gelatin, light fruit beverages and low-cal baked goods.
Regular sugar (sucrose) bonded to chlorine.
Safe “For 15 years, it was subjected to a battery of short- and long-term animal-feeding studies,” says Joe Schwarcz, a chemistry professor at McGill University in Montreal. “The results were conclusive: sucralose is safe.”
NutraSweet, Equal Found in diet soft drinks, low-cal products and sugar-free candy and gum.
A combination of amino acids.
Probably safe Aspartame has never been proven to increase the risk of cancer, but rare cases of seizures, headaches, dizziness and a worsening of depression have been cited in those who ingest large amounts (more than 20 cans of diet soda a day), says Joe Schwarcz, a chemistry professor at McGill University in Montreal.
Sorbitol, lactitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol Found in sugar-free candy and low-fat products, including diet bars.
Regular sugar manufactured with hydrogen molecules.
Safe, with side effects For many, taking as little as one gram of sugar alcohol (half a stick of Extra gum) can cause diarrhea, cramps, gas and bloating, says Massimo Marcone, a professor of food science at the University of Guelph in Ontario.
Found in diet soft drinks, low-cal frozen desserts and cookies, and sugar-free candy and gum.
Synthetic chemicals that are bonded to potassium.
Long-term effects unknown More than 90 studies have verified its short-term safety; however, acesulfame hasn’t been around long enough to determine whether long-term use may cause cancer, according to a recent review published in the Annals of Oncology.
Sweet’N Low Used as a direct sugar substitute.
A synthetic chemical that starts with toluene.
Use with caution One major U.S. study found a link between heavy consumption (six or more packets a day) and a slightly increased risk of bladder cancer. It can only be purchased at pharmacies in Canada.